Addis Ababa "New Flower" was established by
emperor Menellik II in 1886. the capital of Ethiopia lies on the central
plateau of Ethiopia north of the equator with an altitude range between 2500
and 3000 meters due to this elevation Addis Ababa is the third highest capital
city in the world next to Lapaz of
Bolivia and Quito of Ecuador in South America. Addis Ababa covers an
area of 540 square km. it is the diplomatic capital of Africa with the headquarters
of AU/African Union/, the ECA /Economic Commission for Africa/ and the
headquarters of various international organizations. There are about 129
international embassies and consular missions in Addis Ababa and this makes
Addis Ababa be the fourth important diplomatic city after New York, Washington,
The national museum:- With a collection of
archeological findings wildly excavated from the historical sites in northern
regions, the items starting from the pre-Axumite period. The National Museum is famous for housing the
oldest humanoid skeleton, Lucy.
The Ethnological Museum:- in the campus of 6 killo
University displays the country's Art, Cultural items and customs of different
Ethiopian Ethnic groups.
Addis Ababa Museum and Zoological Museum are other
museums to be visited.
There are also places most worth visiting in Addis
Ababa such as the church of St. Mary of Entoto founded by emperor Menellik II
on the hills of Entoto in 1882 and a church where Menellik II was crowned. One
can visit the palaces of emperor Menellik II and the Museum in the compound of
the church. The mountain of Entoto offers a great view and, it is absolutely
impressive looking Addis Ababa downwards.
The trinity cathedral:- Around 4 Killo built by emperor H/Selassie is unique
in Ethiopia for its wonderful architectural style with different stained glass
St. George Cathedral: - Is also a huge cathedral ,
always associated with the victory of
Adawa against the Italian invasion. The Replika of Ark of this cathedral
was taken to Adwa during the Ethio-Italian war of 1896. The Equestrian statue
of emperor Menillik II stands in front of the cathedral which indicates the
Merkato the largest open-air market in Africa, you can
find everything in Merkato beauty products, traditional artifacts, jewelries,
accessories, vegetables and fruits, electronics, spices, and any other products
that all you are seeking easily found here.